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  • cheryljk 9:20 pm on February 4, 2009 Permalink |  

    Moses St. Germain aka Sangimaux 

    Moses St. Germain, first settler at Chazy Lake

    Moses St. Germain, first settler at Chazy Lake

    Thanks to “Debbiesaint” for sharing this picture.  Her comment on the earlier picture “Sangimaux” explains how Moses came to get his nickname.

    • cheryljk 9:25 pm on February 4, 2009 Permalink | Log in to Reply

      I was delighted to see this picture and doubly delighted when it’s owner allowed the picture to be shared. Please don’t reproduce it without permission (see her comment under the first “Sangimaux” entry if you want to reach her).

      We’d love to hear stories about Moses’ and his family and life at Chazy Lake.

    • cleadslinger32 12:17 am on February 5, 2009 Permalink | Log in to Reply

      The younger picture of Moses St.Germain does look a lot like the picture of the older gentleman I took years ago from Uncle Wilfred’s collection. The spelling “Sangimaux” is just a guess. I heard Uncle Wilfred say it once and I thought that it might be French. It could, however, be an Indian name or something else. Nevertheless, in the younger picture he seems to have been a handsome looking chap. I wonder what the dates might be? Uncle Wilfred said that this man lived close to Chazy Lake in a dugout with logs in front.

    • Rose Marie 2:45 pm on April 1, 2012 Permalink | Log in to Reply

      Close your eyes and picture the census taker listening to someone with the last name of St. Germain say it with an intense french accent. It might sound like ‘san zheh mahn’ or sangimaux! In once census of NY State they are written as Sosariman (it’s under as Sossreman). That’s my guess as to his nickname.
      Now…does anyone know why he (Moses St Germain) is called a half-breed?

  • cheryljk 11:37 pm on May 16, 2008 Permalink |  

    Google Earthing Chazy Lake 

    View of Bear Mountain and the Ellenburg Range from Chazy Lake

    Google Earth just posted a new set of Aerial photos of the Adirondacks.  Some of these were taken during the fall of 2008, a year with particularly lovely fall foliage.  Google can give us some very unusal view of the landscape so I thought I’d include a few on the blogs.

    The view above shows Bear Mountain, known to the U. S. Geological Survey as TopKnot Mountain as seen from Chazy Lake.  To the left is Elbow Hill, further left, the slopes of Lyon Mountain; to the right is the Ellenburg Range. Its important to remember that this photo represents exactly the altitudes as measured by the U.S. Geological Survey and is computer generated from an overhead shot to represent the view you see.  It’s amazing how “real” the image is.




  • cheryljk 3:06 pm on February 22, 2008 Permalink |  



    Mose Sagemore is supposed to have been the first settler at Chazy Lake.  Uncle Wilfred King knew him and had a picture  of him that he shared with Richard King, identifying him only as the first settler and by his local nickname of Sangimaux.   

    Legend has it that there was a lead mine in the Lyon Mountain area known to the native Indians and very few others, including Mose Sagemore, according to this entry at the very nice blog about Chateaugay Lake.

    • cleadslinger32 12:05 am on February 24, 2008 Permalink | Log in to Reply

      Uncle Wilfred was my great uncle, son of Séraphim Roy (“Old” Sullivan King). His brothers were Xavier, David, Patrick, and maybe others. He showed me this photo thirty-some years ago. I copied the print using an SLR so it is a bit blurry. He told me that Old Sangimaux lived in a dugout with logs on some sides, and, yes, he is supposed to be Chazy Lake’s first settler. He made a living of sorts by catching lake trout and carrying them over Dannemora Mountain to sell there perhaps in what was sometimes called “Little Siberia”. Uncle Wilfred said that he eviscerated the trout using his strong, sharp thumbnail. Uncle Wilfred also told me that he helped pioneered his side of the lake He lived close to the pump house, and, of course, the road is named after him. More about Uncle Wilfred later.

    • debbiesaint 1:30 pm on January 26, 2009 Permalink | Log in to Reply

      I have researched St Germain’s in Clinton County. In one book about Clinton County there is reference to a “half breed” named Moses St. Germain. His English was not very good and he was referred to as “san je mo”. He was my great great grandfather. I believe this to be the same man. There is also a photo of him at his cabin, that housed many hunter/fisherman during season. It looks to be in the same spot the pump house now stands. I was fortunate enough to have visited Chazy Lake during the summer of ’08. Tried to do some research, but it was over the 4th of July weekend, and The Historical Society in Malone was closed. Hopefully will get back some day. If you have any other info or stories about Sangimaux, I would love to hear them.

      • bordermemoriespastpresent 7:19 am on March 13, 2018 Permalink | Log in to Reply

        Hello Debbie,
        I am doing some research for a friend who is also descended from Moses St. Germaine. I have only just started and would love to fill out Moses story a bit more rather than just dates. Please do get in touch.

  • cheryljk 2:48 pm on February 21, 2008 Permalink |  

    Eleanor Roosevelt 


    Above:  Eleanor Roosevelt and Earl Miller at Chazy Lake in 1934, photo from the FDR Library

    More pictures at the Eleanor Roosevelt at Chazy Lake page

    • cleadslinger32 9:42 pm on February 29, 2008 Permalink | Log in to Reply

      Uncle Wilfred used to tell the story of how he knew Eleanor Roosevelt. He would approach a group of men and say something to this effect, “See this hand? Shake this hand.”

      “What do I want to shake your hand for?” someone asked.

      “Because when I helped Eleanor get on her house this morning, this is the hand that patted her &*%$#@.”

      The resort had a bridle path, and one of Wilfred’s jobs was to help the lady mount her horse.

  • cheryljk 4:46 am on February 17, 2008 Permalink |  

    Chazy Lake Road 1900 

    If you were to drive from Dannemora to Lyon Mountain on a sunny day in 1900 you would have passed just a few houses clinging to a wooded and rocky hillside overlooking a lake so shockingly blue that it would be hard to look at anything else, except for the massive mountain at it’s western end, rising nearly 2000 feet from the lake shore.

    Trains came here daily to drop off tourists and tuberculosis sufferers seeking to breath freely in the crisp air.  There were two large tourist houses and others took tourists in on a more informal basis, much like the bed and breakfasts of today. 

    The community was almostly exclusively French speaking, with recent roots and strong ties to the relatives of the Canadian expatriots who had made their way south to an untamed wilderness in the Adirondacks.  It’s easy to paint them in the romantic glow of the turn of the 20th century because they lived the life that Currier and Ives painted… big powerful horses pulling carts and carriages, sleigh rides, huge family dinners at tables that simply groaned under food in kitchens smelling sweetly of cookies, cakes, fresh pickles and roasting pork or chicken.  A life in which music and dancing, swearing and chawing were as important as hunting, fishing and farming. 

    They were, mostly, French Canadians and nearly everyone, perhaps everyone who lived along the road was related in some way to everyone else.  For  over 70 years this group of people dominated the scene and created the unique culture of Chazy Lake. 

    Join us on our exploration of their roots deep in Canadian history and their progeny’s journey into the American presence on both sides of that now gated border.

  • cheryljk 2:46 am on February 17, 2008 Permalink |
    Tags: Bear Mountain, Chazy Lake, Emma Colburn, Houses, Log Cabin, Original Homestead, Xavier King   

    The Xavier King Homestead (log cabin) 

    The original Xavier King house at Chazy Lake

    This is a copy of an original picture that a number of family members have.  Thanks to all of you who have allowed me to use it. CK

    Xavier Francis King and his wife Emma Colburn King built this house at Chazy Lake in front of Bear Mountain (known on the maps as TopKnot Mountain) and raised their children here.  The house was expanded following a design that was used for the Badger Hotel, located on the Badger Road which ran between Redford and Chazy Lake along the foot of Lyon Mountain.  The expanded house was built by some of the same workmen who built the Badger house, including Xavier.  The original house was built by Xavier and most likely his brothers and cousins.  All of the wood was harvested locally.

    The house is buit in a north country style that has roots in the French Canadian settlements of Canada.  The log cabin is unprepossessing and simple but warm and comfortable against the cold winters.  It is a very American form, in which we take great pride as a family and as part of our national heritage.  In Europe people look to the past and marvel at beautiful structures, grand and proud, but here we look to the past and admire the hardy simplicity of modest dwellings of modest people.  The difference is that these simple dwellings were built by the hands of the men and women who lived in them, with help from neighbors and friends, and though the residents of such dwellings were immigrants on the land they made it their own by their own hard work.  The grand buildings of Europe (and the grand buildings of the Southern plantations) were built by oppressing others who could never hope to live in what they built, but our forebearers built for themselves what they would live in, that being the heart of  self reliance and pride in their independence.


    • cleadslinger32 11:28 am on February 21, 2008 Permalink | Log in to Reply

      Great job so far. I’m wondering if this would be a good spot to have a photo of this house after it had been reconstructed; perhaps, also, of the barn. Maybe you do have it further on. Cheers………

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